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Sleep Apnea explained in 1 min

Sleep Apnea is an involuntary pause in breathing during sleep for at least 10 seconds. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common type, caused by an obstruction of the airways in the throat region (1,2) and happens when the muscles relax during sleep.

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Airflow is obstructed or reduced, causing vibrations that result in snoring during sleep and a drop in oxygen. The brain senses this lack of oxygen and responds with sudden, unconscious "micro-awakenings" that don't last long, called resuscitative snoring to restore breathing. The repeated occurrence of frequent interruptions of breathing during the night breaks the sleep pattern, which ceases to be a restorative activity.

Sleep Apnea is an involuntary pause in breathing during sleep for at least 10 seconds. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common type, caused by an obstruction of the airways in the throat region (1,2) and happens when the muscles relax during sleep.

Airflow is obstructed or reduced, causing vibrations that result in snoring during sleep and a drop in oxygen. The brain senses this lack of oxygen and responds with sudden, unconscious "micro-awakenings" that don't last long, called resuscitative snoring to restore breathing. The repeated occurrence of frequent interruptions of breathing during the night breaks the sleep pattern, which ceases to be a restorative activity.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a serious and very common sleep disorder that significantly affects quality of life and health.

Signs and Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

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Health risks and consequences of sleep apnea

If left untreated, sleep apnea can cause several complications, mainly cardiovascular (10) and metabolic (11) in the long term.

Diabetic kid with mother (reading) 8

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and your heart

The combination of sleep disturbances and lack of oxygen can lead to the development or worsening of cardiovascular problems, such as (10, 11, 13) :

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Arrhythmia (heart rhythm disorder)
  • Cerebrovascular accident (stroke or stroke)
  • Myocardial infarction (heart attack) (14)
  • Heart failure (when the heart no longer pumps enough blood to meet the body's needs)  (15).

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Diabetic kid with mother (reading) 8

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and your heart

The combination of sleep disturbances and lack of oxygen can lead to the development or worsening of cardiovascular problems, such as (10, 11, 13) :

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Arrhythmia (heart rhythm disorder)
  • Cerebrovascular accident (stroke or stroke)
  • Myocardial infarction (heart attack) (14)
  • Heart failure (when the heart no longer pumps enough blood to meet the body's needs)  (15).

You can add CTA, links and key figures to this part

Reference

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